Dandruff is a common, long-term condition that affects the scalp. It causes skin to fall off prematurely, causing itching and white skin on clothing and hair. The condition is neither contagious nor harmful to the sufferer, but the discomfort and embarrassment necessitate effective treatment. The main course of treatment consists of dandruff removal medical shampoo, many of which can be purchased over the counter.
The ingredients in these shampoos can group them together. Shampoos with zinc pyrithione, such as Head and Shoulders and Pantene Pro V, are in the first group. Zinc pyrithione is a compound that is both an antifungal and an antibacterial, controlling both the fungi and bacteria on the scalp. A tar compound made from coal is in another group of shampoos. One illustration is Neutrogena T-gel. These shampoos reduce the rate at which scalp cells fall off the scalp by slowing down the process of cell death.
Some shampoos, like the Ionil T shampoo, scrub the scalp to get rid of scale, but these shampoos can make your hair too dry, which makes it flake more. As a result, it’s critical to use a conditioner that makes the hair less dry. Selenium sulfide shampoos work by reducing scalp fungi. One example of this kind of shampoo is Selsun Blue. Because selenium sulfide shampoos can alter the color of blond, grey, or colored hair, care must be taken to follow the directions and rinse thoroughly after using them. Nizoral, a drug that kills the skin fungus malassezia, is in ketoconazole shampoos.
It can overgrow to the point of causing scalp scaling and itching in some cases of dandruff. Different patients respond differently to different dandruff shampoos. Before switching to a different kind of shampoo, give the first one you try two weeks before deciding that it doesn’t work. If a particular kind of shampoo has been working well for a while but now seems to be failing, resistance may be developing, and a different kind might work better. To treat dandruff and prevent the development of resistance, some patients find that switching shampoos is the most effective treatment.
Add-ons in these shampoos
Zinc pyrithione, salicylic acid, selenium sulfide, coal tar, and ketoconazole are some of the special ingredients in all of the shampoos for dandruff. These compounds aid in reducing yeast growth and flakes formation. Although repeated washes over a period of several weeks frequently produce results, it is best to consult a dermatologist before using them for an extended period of time.
Because their purpose is to clean the scalp, these formulations can dry out the scalp if used for an extended period of time. Even though the majority of best anti dandruff shampoo for oily scalp and dry hair available today contain active ingredients that help to maintain the scalp’s pH balance and are enriched with vitamins and healthy oils to moisturize the scalp, using them on their own can frequently be harmful. Keep in mind that depending on the severity of dandruff, different symptoms require different treatments. Therefore, there is no one-size-fits-all solution.